Muslims across the world celebrate two days known as Eid in their calendar….but the truth is there are actually three Eids, not two!
What are the two main Eids?
The word Eid means ‘feast’ or ‘festival’ and marks a day of celebration. The two Eids are actually shortened names for Eid Ul-Fitr and Eid Ul-Adha.
Eid Ul-Fitr occurs at the end of Ramadan. It is a celebration of the end of fasting – something many adult Muslims do as part of Ramadan. It is also common for people to give zakat (charity) during Ramadan. You can find out all about Ramadan 2019 in our previous blog.
Eid Ul-Adha literally translates as ‘the feast of the sacrifice’ and is celebrated about two months after Eid Ul-Fitr. This Eid is held at the same time as the Hajj pilgrimage.
How are they celebrated?
On both Eids, many Muslims will go to special prayers at their local mosque and have a day of celebrations with their family and friends.
Eid Ul-Fitr is not only a celebration to mark the end of fasting, it is also a time for Muslims to thank Allah for the strength He has given them during fasting, which helped them with self-control.
Eid Ul-Adha is often celebrated with a Qurbani sacrifice – an animal sacrifice where meat is distributed to the poor and needy, as well as among family and friends. It is also a time when Muslims make the holy pilgrimage of Hajj. Muslims who are fit and able are expected to make this pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, at least once in their life.
The Guardian has some stunning pictures of Hajj, which have been shared in their article ‘Hajj 2018: the annual Islamic pilgrimage in pictures’.
So, what is the third Eid?
It actually happens every Friday!
For Muslims, Friday is the holy day and a day of remembrance and prayer. It is referred to as Jummah and many Muslims will make sure they can attend a local mosque for prayers on Friday.
It is a bit of lesser-known trivia that Friday is also an Eid. But it comes from Abu Hurairah, one of the companions of the Prophet (pbuh), who is estimated to have narrated more than 5,000 hadiths.
Abu Hurairah reports that one Friday the Prophet (saws) said: “O gathering of Muslims, Allah has made this day (of Friday) an Eid for you, so make ghusl and use the miswak (on this day).”